John Vidal writes in The Guardian, January 4, 2014–A twig snaps, a crow calls, but nothing moves in the dense pine forests of Spain’s Guadarrama mountains. Vultures and eagles soar over the snowcapped peaks and wild boars roam the valleys below, as they have for centuries. But for the farmers who work this land, a threatening and worrying comeback is taking place in this timeless landscape, home to Spain’s newest national park. After an absence of 70 years, the wolf is back in the Guadarrama hills and breeding in Madrid province just 40 miles from the city.
There have been sightings for several years of lone males, but camera traps recently picked up a family of three cubs, two adults and a juvenile. To the consternation of the farmers who believed that this ancient foe had left the hills for ever, breeding packs are expected to follow.
Here’s the link to the full story in The Guardian.com: http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/jan/04/wolf-pack-howls-from-steppe-to-madrid