Photo by Wikipedia–This is the first one-hour program of a six-part documentary series on the Spanish Civil War produced by British Granada Television in 1983. This series is required viewing for anyone who wants to know Spain better, as it touches upon issues and ideologies that are still current in Spain today. The Spanish Civil War uses film and eyewitness accounts from both sides of the conflict that divided Spain in the years leading up to World War II, also placing it in its international context. HIghlights include live commentary from some of the protagonists who were still alive in 1983 when the documentary was made:
- Enrique Lister–A Galician Communist quarry worker who received military and political formation in the Soviet Union and went on to form and command the elite 1ª Brigada Mixta in the Civil War. Lister’s rank was that of major but he frequently functioned as a general.
- Ramon Serrano Suñer–Francisco Franco’s brother-in-law who occupied a series of ministerial positions. He was named the nationalist Minister of Foreign affairs in 1940 until he fell out of the dictator’s favor in 1942, allegedly for not doing enough for Hitler. Born in 1901, Serrano outlived most of his contemporaries, dying in 2003 at the age of 101.
- Pilar Primo de Rivera–Daughter of Miguel Primo de Rivera, dictator of Spain in the 1920s and sister of José Antonio Primo de Rivera, founder of the fascist Falange Movement, she remained the President of the Sección Feminina de Falange until late in the 20th century. A lifelong spinster she was nonetheless promoted as a possible wife for Hitler, in order to create a fascist dynasty.
If you like this chapter there are five more to come. Here’s the link.
Video produced by Granada Television, UK